L'évènement Passeurs (2e partie) - Centre Pompidou

L'évènement

Passeurs (2e partie)

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Passeurs (2e partie)

Expositions-dossiers réalisées à partir des collections du Musée national d’art moderne

Musée

14 janvier 2016 - 31 août 2016

de 11h à 21h
Musée - Niveau 5 - Centre Pompidou, Paris

Accès avec le billet musée & expositions temporaires

Ces expositions-dossiers sont présentées jusqu’au 31 août dans les salles du 5e étage du Musée, au cœur du parcours des collections modernes.

Depuis le 26 mai 2015, des expositions-dossiers, signalées par une couleur grise, ponctuent et intensifient le parcours de visite des collections modernes du Centre Pompidou. Renouvelés tous les six mois, ces modules de différents formats explorent une problématique commune. La deuxième séquence, présentée à partir du 14 janvier 2016, est à nouveau consacrée à ces grands « passeurs » que sont les historiens et critiques d’art, amateurs éclairés ou ...

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Commissaire : Mnam/Cci / Coordination scientifique: Nicolas Liucci-Goutnikov assisté de Julie Champion

Discover "go-betweens"

Bernard Gheerbrant and La Hune: at the border of two worlds

The bookshop/gallery La Hune opened in Saint-Germain-des-Prés on 12 May 1949, between Les Deux Magots and the Café de Flore. There, for thirty years, Bernard Gheerbrant (1918 - 2010) and his wife Jacqueline brought the artistic and literary world of Paris together. With presentations of books, exhibitions, talks and film shows, there was always something going on at La Hune, in an atmosphere of seething creativity that led to numerous encounters and shared projects.

Considering the bookseller’s activity as “one of the fine arts”, Gheerbrant was keen to distribute books as a publisher and co...

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Oswald de Andrade, 1890-1954 : Cannibal go-between

Poet, novelist, essayist and playwright Oswald de Andrade was one of the chief promoters of Brazilian modernism. After an initial period in Paris, where he discovered Futurism and Cubism in 1912, he took an active part in the São Paulo (from February 11 to 18, 1922 ) Modern Art Week alongside the writers
Mário de Andrade and Ronald de Carvalho, the painters Tarsila do Amaral and Vicente de Rego Monteiro, and the musician Heitor Villa-Lobos.

In the Twenties, de Andrade spent several periods abroad, developing relationships with leading players in Europe’s artistic and literary avant-garde, ...

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Wilhelm Uhde, 1874-1947 : The discoverer

The German dealer, collector and writer Wilhelm Uhde moved to Paris in 1904, and soon began working to further the most revolutionary painting of his time. He encouraged the Fauves, and discovered Picasso and Braque, whose Cubist paintings he collected. From 1908 to 1910, he was briefly married to Sonia Terk, who soon became the wife of Robert Delaunay. After Delaunay introduced him to Henri Rousseau, Uhde staged the latter’s first solo exhibition, and also produced the first monograph on him. He had recently opened a gallery in Paris, which also featured Marie Laurencin.

He lived for a tim...

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Francis Ponge, 1899-1988 : The production of works

Francis Ponge (1899-1988) came to recognition with Le Parti pris des choses, a collection of prose poems published in 1942. These texts, which focus on little-regarded objects like “a crate” or “an orange” formed the basis of a poetic novella that made a considerable impression on the literary avant-garde of the Sixties. Stripping writing of all its clichés, it consisted of “giving a voice to the silent world”. Numerous books followed, including Proèmes (1948), La Rage de l’expression (1952) and Le Savon (1967), to which Ponge devoted twenty-five years.

At the same time as this work on lang...

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André Breton, 1896-1966: 42, rue Fontaine

Serving in a military psychiatric hospital since being called up in 1915, André Breton, a great enthusiast for Symbolist poetry, made his decisive encounters with Jacques Vaché, Louis Aragon, Guillaume Apollinaire and the thought of Sigmund Freud. In 1919, he founded the magazine Littérature with Aragon and Philippe Soupault, soon to be joined by Paul Eluard. After his break with Dada, Breton wrote the First Surrealist Manifesto, published in 1924, championing the principle of “pure psychic automatism” in order to draw on the mechanisms of dream and the unconscious.

A writer, poet and theor...

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Aimé Césaire, 1913-2008 : The encounter of giving and receiving

“Black I am, and black I shall remain.” Through these assertive words, we hear the poetic and political voice of Aimé Césaire (1913-2008). The founder of the Négritude movement with Léopold Sédar Senghor and Léon Gontran Damas, he was also the humanist defender of cultural diversity during the decolonisation period, and the poet/forger of the magnificent language in Cahier d’un retour au pays natal.

Césaire was involved in artistic and intellectual milieus as well, such as Paulette Nardal’s La Revue du monde noir, Etienne Léro’s Légitime défense, the Surrealist group in exile (André Breton,...

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Alain Jouffroy, 1928-2015 : The revolutionary individualist

Writing formed the backbone of Alain Jouffroy’s work. This art critic, essayist, poet and novelist wrote a great deal, and wrote about everything. His story really began through his chance meeting with André Breton at Huelgoat in Brittany in 1946. This meeting gave rise to many others, with the Surrealists in Paris, Victor Brauner at his studio in Rue Perrel and Marcel Duchamp in New York.

In 1960, in reaction to the French war in Algeria, he oversaw a “happening” with Jean-Jacques Lebel – the “Anti-Process” – in Paris and then Milan. Five years later, Jouffroy created a sensation with the ...

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The Steins: “singular brothers and sister”

“[…] This American, who with her brothers
and part of her family provides
the most surprising patronage of our times.
Their bare feet shod in Delphic sandals,
They raise scientific brows to the skies.”
Apollinaire, October 1907
In the early 20th  century, an American family came to live in Paris: Gertrude Stein, an avant-garde writer, and her brother Leo, together with their elder brother Michael and his wife Sarah. Between the four of them, they built up a truly astounding collection of modern art. The first people to buy from Matisse and Picasso, they also acquired several painti...

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Robert Lebel, 1901-1986 : A questing spirit

Poet, novelist, essayist, art critic and historian Robert Lebel explored numerous fields of creation with his agile pen. A friend of André Breton, briefly a member of the Surrealist movement and an enthusiastic supporter of Isabelle Waldberg’s work, he was an expert in Old Master paintings and drawings in Paris, and developed a keen passion for Eskimo art in America.

Lebel met Marcel Duchamp in New York in the late 1930s, and a genuine complicity developed between them. Lebel devoted his very first monograph to Duchamp in 1959. The first edition – a collaboration between the author and the ...

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Blaise Cendrars, 1887 -1961 : Poet and adventurer

Blaise Cendrars had already travelled the world before settling in Paris in 1912. A poet of urban modernity, he mingled with the literary and artistic avant-garde of the period: Guillaume Apollinaire, Marc Chagall, Fernand Léger, Léopold Survage and Sonia Delaunay, with whom he produced the first “simultaneous book”, Prose du Transsibérien et de la petite Jehanne de France, in 1913. Inspired by the artist’s fashion designs, he wrote the poem Sur la robe, elle a un corps in 1914.

After the war he became fascinated by the burgeoning art of the cinema, which fired him to develop new literary a...

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Wassily Kandinsky, 1866-1944 : Professor at the Bauhaus

The Bauhaus was an Applied Arts school founded by Walter Gropius in Weimar in 1919. Kandinsky worked as a teacher there from 1922 to 1933 (longer than all his colleagues), following the school each time it moved – to Dessau in 1925, then to Berlin in 1933. Initially in charge of the preparatory class, he also directed the wall painting workshop. At that time there were no teaching manuals or materials, so, like every Bauhaus “master”, Kandinsky devised all the content and teaching aids for his classes.

These precious documents now make up a collection shared between the Centre Pompidou, whi...

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Carola Weckler-Giedion, 1893-1979 and Siegfried Giedion, 1888-1968 : Towards the unity of mankind

The critical work of Carola Weckler Giedion and Siegfried Giedion is preoccupied by the observation of a conflict: the fragmentation of mankind’s sensitive and emotional experience caused by the widespread use of machines in human activity. Although for Giedion the “vital forces of modern creation” were aligned with those of the world of industry and engineering, the critic’s theoretical approach was imbued with this duality. Carola Weckler mainly focused on the realm of contemporary sculpture, working to make it better known and more widespread.

As a student of the art historian Heinrich W...

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Reyner Banham, 1922-1988 : “Archaeology of the immediate future”

After studying as an aircraft mechanics engineer with the Bristol Aeroplane Company, Reyner Banham devoted himself entirely to the modern architectural movement. In 1949 he entered the Courtauld Institute, and with Nikolaus Pevsner as his supervisor, began a PhD whose material nourished his book Theory and Design in the First Machine Age (1960). At this time, Banham took an active part in the Independent Group and contributed regularly to the Architectural Review, which published his articles on Le Corbusier, Adolf Loos, Piet Mondrian and Frank Lloyd Wright. Under the twofold influence of F...

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